Should I be concerned? 14 reasons for cloudy urine in women

Everyone checks the toilet bowl after going to the bathroom, and nothing is wrong with that. It is a good thing because we can spot when something out of the ordinary happens. Most likely, you also noticed that your pee is cloudy. We are here to share some related information.

Most people think it should always be clear, but there are many reasons it can look hazy. While most of the time, urine is pale and yellow. It is its natural color. But sometimes, it can also be hazy or even opaque. It is not a cause of concern, as the color can change frequently.

woman in pain

As long as these changes do not come with other symptoms, you should notice the color coming back to normal in a short time. But experience abnormal swelling in your abdomen or pain while peeing. There must be a health problem that causes these symptoms.

If you are wondering whether you should be concerned or not, take a look below. We will present 14 reasons for cloudy urine in women so you better know what this means for you. 


Many factors could cause the situation. Here are the most common among women that share this symptom.

1. Dehydration

Dehydration is often overlooked as people tend to drink more diet coke or coffee instead of pure water. It is not enough for hydration, and the situation could be a result of not a low daily water intake. 

Any kind of caffeinated beverage will worsen dehydration, and the pee will become more concentrated. It will cause the urine to become cloudy. Other signs of dehydration include headache, fatigue, and dry mouth.

2. UTIs

woman about to pee

Such an infection can also cause it to look cloudy. It is because bacteria infect any part of your urinary system, such as your kidneys or bladder. UTIs will often appear if you are dehydrated or you don’t empty the bladder all the way.

UTIs can be treated with antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. The sooner you treat it, the better. It will not go away by itself with time and will get worse if left untreated. 

3. Diabetes

This chronic disease can also make your pee cloudy due to increased blood sugar levels. Healthy people will lower this level with the help of the pancreas, which produces insulin. When your body does not produce enough insulin, the sugar stays in the blood.

Therefore, sugar will also appear in the urine when your blood sugar levels are too high. You should see a doctor if it doesn’t change with time. 

4. Bacteriuria

It occurs when bacteria are present in your urine. It is caused by wiping from back to front or after recent surgery in the urinary tract. The symptoms make the difference between bacteriuria and UTIs – bacteriuria lacks them. 

It affects women more than men and occurs more in pregnant women or those with diabetes. Bacteriuria will usually clear up on its own and often goes untreated. If you have recurring bacteriuria, you should practice proper hygiene.

5. Fistula

This condition is very rare in healthy people, but it can be more serious than typical bacteriuria. They come as a result of surgery or infection that can be caused by complications from bladder surgery or prolonged childbirth.

The bladder can connect to the colon, causing an infection that leads to the cloudiness. Leakage and pain when using the bathroom are other common symptoms of fistula. They are treated with surgery to remove the connection between the organs. 

6. Vaginitis

The inflammation of the vagina can bring cloudy urine with an unpleasant odor and an itchy feeling. It can develop due to an allergic reaction to personal care products.

You should see a doctor if you suspect that you have vaginitis. Antibiotics and antifungal medication should heal you in a week or two.

7. Sexually Transmitted Infection

Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections can cause the haziness, especially in the first stages of infection. They result in discharges that will make the urine cloudy. 

But this symptom can also show up in other infections. They scar the tissue in the urethra. It prevents the bladder from emptying. Check with your doctor if you notice symptoms related to STDs. 

Some people say that pregnant women are more prone to get a UTI than non-pregnant ones. There are various reasons why you might get a UTI while pregnant. Check out this article, where we explain whether they are common and how to avoid them.

8. Kidney stones

They are sharp and spiky and could be the reason you’re on this page. When moving, these stones might cause tiny scratches that allow blood to enter the urine. It shows up as cloudy. They could also result in a UTI if these stones contain bacteria.

Some pieces will also make the urine look cloudy if the stones break up. 


9. Blood in urine

Although blood is red, it could make your pee cloudy in small quantities. UTIs, enlarged prostate, and kidney stones could be the reason for blood in the urine.

Not every case of cloudy urine has blood in it, but you should get tested and confirm with a urologist.

10. Chronic Kidney Disease

This is a very rare condition for a healthy person, but it can still be a possibility in the situation. The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood. The disease is a progressive decline in their ability.

It results in excess protein in the urine, making it look cloudy. Other symptoms include:

  • back pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • and yellowing of the skin.

11. Medications

Some medications can change the color of urine and also make it cloudy. While the change due to specific medication is not dangerous, you should see a doctor if the problem lasts more than a few days. It is known that cloudy urine can be caused by laxatives or medications used to treat UTIs.

12. Bladder cancer

The most common symptom of this disease is blood in urine, which might sometimes look cloudy. But if you notice blood, it is most likely due to some sort of infection. Symptoms of bladder cancer include frequent and urgent urination and pain or burning sensation when using the toilet.

simple toilet

13. Milk and dairy products

After eating large amounts of food high in phosphorus, you might have cloudy session in the bathroom. Milk and dairy products are known to have a high concentration of this mineral. It is necessary for your bones and many bodily functions.

14. Meat

Poultry and beef are also high in phosphorus, and consuming too much of it might cause your pee to be cloudy. But a high phosphorous diet is not always the result of cloudy pee, and further investigation might be necessary. 

Cloudy urine during pregnancy

During early pregnancy, the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone is produced. Its level can increase quickly in the first trimester. These hormones can appear in the urine, making it cloudy. They are completely harmless, and the cloudy effect should go away after the first trimester of pregnancy. 

Cloudy urine, but you are experiencing no pain.

Due to natural changes that occur in your body, cloudy urine can be considered harmless and should not worry you. It goes away quickly when you are hydrated and drink plenty of water. A healthy diet and regular exercise will also boost the immune system and regulate these changes.

If it doesn’t return to its normal color after a few days, contact your healthcare provider and seek professional help. 

Cloudy urine with white sediment

White particles in urine are a sign of genital discharge or a problem with the urinary tract. Kidney stones can also indicate another reason: letting a small amount of blood into the stream. 

If you experience additional symptoms other than white particles, you should see a doctor. They will help you find the cause and give you specific treatment. 

luxurious toilet

Dark cloudy urine

Dark and cloudy urine can happen because of dehydration, which happens when you lose more water than you take in. Young children and older adults will experience this more often, as well as people with chronic diseases.

Healthy adults can also experience dark cloudy urine in the morning or after intense physical exercise. The body holds as much water as it can when you are dehydrated, making the urine slightly concentrated and darker than usual. 

If you are dehydrated, check for other significant symptoms such as:

  • dry mouth
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • confusion
  • dark and cloudy color
  • extreme thirst
  • infrequent urination

If you are wondering how long a wax pen stays in your system, check out this article. We explain everything in detail. 

Cloudy urine with foam

Separately, foamy urine will result from the increased speed of urination. It causes air to form pockets in the urine and give the specific bubbly texture. Cloudy urine is not entirely clear and has a white shade rather than the normal light yellow color. 

The smell can also change, but it is harmless and temporary in most cases. The diet and your vitamin intake can change the color of your pee. Some specific medications can create smelly urine as well. 

Foods that cause cloudy urine

Specific foods can also cause cloudy urine. Some of them are:


Anchovies and sardines are high in compounds that the body turns into uric acid. Consumed in large quantities, seafood releases high uric acid levels. It makes it cloudy. But seafood has many benefits, as it is rich in protein and several other minerals.

Sugary drinks and foods

A high sugar intake can also cause cloudy pee. Your body’s fructose metabolism promotes uric acid formation, just like with seafood. A high fructose intake will turn your pee cloudy. While this is not a cause of concern, it is important to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water.

Salty foods

Chips and salted popcorn might actually be the reason behind your cloudy pee. You will become dehydrated if you eat a lot of salt without drinking enough water. It leads to dark and cloudy urine with fewer trips to the bathroom.


Moderate alcohol consumption is not harmful to your body. It won’t cause health problems, but drinking too much of it will cause cloudy urine. Your kidneys will release more water as alcohol is considered a diuretic. Therefore, alcohol intake can lead to dehydration. It turns your pee dark and cloudy. 

Medications that cause cloudy urine

Cloudy urine can be caused by various medications, which will create many changes in your body. When they are eliminated through urine, it can change their concentration and composition and sometimes alter the color. 

Some medications that cause cloudy urine include:

  • Penicillin antibiotics – are used for treating infections but will cause dark and cloudy urine. This effect will resolve itself as soon as you finish treatment.
  • Vancomycin – another antibiotic for treating bacterial infections, vancomycin can cause bloody or cloudy urine.
  • Proton pump inhibitors are used for treating gastritis and reducing acid production but can also change how kidneys work.
  • Steroids – heavily interact with the kidneys and can cause side effects such as cloudy urine.
  • Olsalazine – is used for reducing bowel inflammation but might also reduce the urine output and make it cloudy.

Cloudy urine before a period

Cloudy urine can also occur during urinary tract infections, perimenopause, or even ectopic pregnancy. You should always keep track of your symptoms and how you are feeling. If you are concerned about them, seek medical attention. A doctor should help you.

Cloudy urine and period are not entirely related, as the problem can occur anytime. Depending on the symptoms you experience, a professional can diagnose you after performing a test. 


Is cloudy urine serious?

Cloudy urine can be represented by pee that has a milky color or is not clear. It is usually harmless unless it comes along with other symptoms. Suppose it persists over time and does not return to normal. In that case, it can be a clear sign of an underlying medical condition. 

Can you have cloudy urine without infection?

Conditions other than infections can cause cloudy urine as well. Diabetes and kidney stones are rare, but dehydration can be more common. Make sure you drink plenty of water. Most of your problems will disappear, except if you have a health issue.

In that case, you should note down your symptoms and communicate with a doctor about the possible cause. 

Does cloudy pee always mean UTI?

If your urine is cloudy and unclear, it could be a warning sign of a more advanced health issue. Some of them include infections, kidney stones, or other changes in your health. It is easier to identify the specific cause by noting your symptoms and narrowing down your results.

The sooner you learn about the cause, the faster you can recover as you can follow the right treatment for yourself. 

Is cloudy urine a sign of pregnancy?

Cloudy urine is not always a sign of pregnancy, but there is definitely a chance. In the first trimester, the body produces a specific hormone that makes it appear cloudy. To be sure, do a simple pregnancy test as they are very accurate regardless of your symptoms. 

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